This Working Paper, by Dr. Antonio Andreoni, analyses the political and economic context to anti-corruption efforts in Tanzania, both historically and today.
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The shortage of technical skills in Tanzania has been one of the most fundamental constraints to its industrial development. Vocational training institutions are funded by a skills levy collected by the Tanzanian Revenue Authority. One third of the skills levy is spent on Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET), while two thirds remain with the government.
The Export Processing Zones (EPZs) seek to attract new export-oriented foreign and local investments to create international competitiveness for export-led economic growth. The Special Economic Zones (SEZs) aim to help transform Tanzania into a globally competitive country by accelerating domestic production, promoting exports and generating employment.
Despite several recent studies assessing inefficiencies and corruption issues in Dar es Salaam’s main port, the evidence on corruption dynamics remains scattered. These studies mainly looked at inefficiencies in the port, in particular the loss determined by long delays affecting ships that arrive in Tanzania’s central port.