The Nigerian Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) has been at the forefront of activist anti-corruption agencies in Africa. It has been instrumental in charging and prosecuting senior political leaders and businessmen with political links as well as recovering and repatriating significant stolen resources that belonged to the Nigerian state.
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The shortage of technical skills in Tanzania has been one of the most fundamental constraints to its industrial development. Vocational training institutions are funded by a skills levy collected by the Tanzanian Revenue Authority. One third of the skills levy is spent on Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET), while two thirds remain with the government.
The Export Processing Zones (EPZs) seek to attract new export-oriented foreign and local investments to create international competitiveness for export-led economic growth. The Special Economic Zones (SEZs) aim to help transform Tanzania into a globally competitive country by accelerating domestic production, promoting exports and generating employment.
Despite several recent studies assessing inefficiencies and corruption issues in Dar es Salaam’s main port, the evidence on corruption dynamics remains scattered. These studies mainly looked at inefficiencies in the port, in particular the loss determined by long delays affecting ships that arrive in Tanzania’s central port.
Overall, the performance of skills training programmes in Bangladesh has been poor. But some targeted programmes have done well because they have addressed relevant market failures with targeted funding and appropriate governance structures.
As a developing country subject to potentially serious damage as a result of climate change, Bangladesh has received significant subsidies from development partners to invest in adaptation and mitigation. Pervasive corruption in the allocation and use of these funds however has resulted in the termination of many large investment flows
Productive investments in the power generation sector have been minimal, while less efficient and more costly investments have multiplied. There has been significant corruption through rent capture because incentives for long-term productive investments have declined over time.